Welcome to the
= IIFOR =
I
NTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR ORGANIZATION RESEARCH
http://www.anarchy.no/iifor.html - IIFOR P.B. 4777 Sofienberg N- 0506 Oslo - Norway

Institutt for organisasjonsforskning IFO

International Journal of Organization Research
Bulletin of IIFOR and AI. Refer to IJOR for scientific use and IJ@ for political

Important new message from IIFOR! NB! The only way to save the planet for The People! Feel free to forward this note to your own network! About THE DEMOCRACY PROJECT - including praxeology with practical solutions to the manmade global warming problem!

THE DEMOCRACY PROJECT

A brief note about the Democracy Project, rooted back to professor and Nobel Prize winner
in economics Ragnar Frisch' works on democracy,
and a summary of the research results so far.

Introduction

REAL DEMOCRACY IS ANARCHY & ANARCHISM! ANARCHY & ANARCHISM ARE REAL DEMOCRACY!
REAL DEMOCRACY IS ALWAYS INCLUDING GREEN!
ANARCHY.NO IS ALL ABOUT DEMOCRACY - INCLUDING THE DEMOCRACY PROJECT!

Democracy, the libertarian, anarchy & anarchism and degrees of this, is a question of influence on decisions. All other things are only relevant as far as they affects the influence on the societal decisions. To be more precise: anarchy & anarchism, the libertarian and democracy is a question of influence on the societal decisions by the People = the Bottom of the societal pyramid, the decisions usually and mainly taken by the Top of the societal pyramid, i.e. the Bureaucracy (authorities) broadly defined in private and public sector. The degree of democracy = influence on the societal decisions by the People = the Bottom of the social pyramid, mainly taken by the Bureaucracy, the Top of the social pyramid, measured relatively as a percent degree between 0 % and 100 %, that is a precise measure on how much the People govern = democracy, i.e. the degree of it.

Democracy, and more or less of it, is central to societal politics broadly defined, both economical and political/administrative, and in reality Real Democracy, NB! i.e. always including Green, and Full Democracy as an ultimate aim, is the one and only policy in the interest of the People, i.e. People's Politics. Real Democracy has a degree of democracy equal to 50 % or more, and Full Democracy has 100 % degree of democracy. The degree of democracy = the libertarian degree = the anarchist degree - within anarchy & anarchism = real democracy, i.e. 100% - the authoritarian degree.

The Democracy Project is a research project about all topics of democracy and adjacent themes, also praxeology - human action research - including the Green Global Spring GGS, i.e. among other things practical solutions to the manmade global warming problem, 1. meeting the People's demand of No more than 1.5 ° C global warming above pre-industrial levels - say 1720-1800, by 2. sufficiently cutting global greenhouse gas emissions, via 3. global response to the threat of climate change - for sustainable development based on real democracy and the end of poverty!

As 1. the Bureaucracy, the Top of the societal pyramid world wide, 2. spearheaded by the presidents Xi Jinping of China, Donald Trump of USA and Ursula von der Leyen of EU, 3. de facto at best talk about solutions e.g. to get elected, and act insignificantly around zero or worse, e.g. by burning more coal, due to 4. the Top's large own power & money Class-interests - economical and political/administrative - in activities creating significant greenhouse gas emissions, and because of all this power and money No significant problems with the negative effects of global warming for the Top - the Bureaucracy, even in the long run, 5. and this situation - de facto class interests (demands) from the Top - The Bureaucracy - will most likely never end...;

6. with the result that estimated anthropogenic global warming is currently increasing at 0.2°C (likely between 0.1°C and 0.3°C) per decade due to past and ongoing emissions, according to IPCC, and only the People - the Bottom of the societal pyramid in general will be hard hit by the negative effects of the global warming, and thus there are severe de facto conflicting interests & demands vis-a-vis the Top;

7. the only way to save the Planet for the People, i.e. to meet the Bottom = People's de facto necessary demand of No more than 1.5 ° C global warming, is via significantly More Democracy, i.e. to increase the degree of democracy - the People's influence on the societal decisions mainly taken by the Bureaucracy at the Top, significantly via the Global People's movement towards real democracy (Norway, the Swiss Confederation & Iceland are already real democracies, anarchies, that brings hope!) and more of it - towards Full Democracy, via 8. lots of world wide Bottom - Up real (i.e. also green) democratic actions including significant pressure on the Top - the Bureaucracy, that is world wide Class Struggle - Bottom vs Top, and NB! preferably Velvet Revolutions: The Green Global Spring GGS!

NB! JOIN THE PEOPLE! YOUR CHOICE: IT IS IN REALITY AND DE FACTO ANARCHY OR HELL - FOR THE PEOPLE! NB! ANARCHY ALWAYS MEANS GREEN!

Thus: feel free to join the practical part of the project - click on: GGS! IIFOR is also interested in more co-operation with other researchers in this connection and spreading of research results etc. Interested in IIFOR and the research in anyway? Click on the "Contact IIFOR" e-mail link at the bottom of this webpage!

Summary

IIFOR is an independent and autonomous part of the International Journal of Organization Research IJOR/Fb/IJ@ © ISSN 0800-0220 - electronic issues ISSN 1890-9485 since 2009, a registered enterprise in Norway, with H. Fagerhus as responsible editor. IIFOR is responsible for the ongoing Democracy Project, rooted back to professor and Nobel Prize winner in economics Ragnar Frisch' works on democracy, What is democracy?, Economic democracy, The unenlightened plutarchy and Cogrips-models (Samgripingsmodeller) and more. Democracy means that the People govern, and the keyword related to democracy is influence by the People, the Bottom of the societal pyramid, on the societal decisions mainly taken by the Top, the Bureuacracy. If a) this influence is relatively small, say, 0% towards 50%, then it is lack of democracy, i.e. authoritarian, and b) if this influence is relatively large, 50 % to 100%, and applies both economical and political/administrative it is real democracy. And thus real democracy means also not significant (more than 50 %) authoritarian, economical and political/administrative. Full democracy means 100% influence by the People on the societal decisions. Zero, 0 %, influence by the People on the societal decisions, means no tendency of democracy at all, zero degree of democracy, and the most ultra-authoritarian and totalitarian systems (extreme ultra-fascism). We will discuss and clarify this a little further below in this summary from the Democracy Project.

The Democracy Project is mainly about, a) theoretical and global empirical research on democracy, including zero democratic tendency, lack of democracy, flawed "democracy", semi-democracy, real democracy, full democracy, in general all about democracy including the degree of democracy = influence on the societal decisions by the People = the Bottom of the social pyramid, mainly taken by the Bureaucracy (authorities) the Top of the social pyramid, measured relatively as a percent degree between 0 % and 100 %, that is a precise measure on how much the People govern = democracy, i.e. the degree of it. And 100% - the degree of democracy is the relative influence by others than the People, 1. influence from the Bureaucracy, plus 2. influence from outside (supra-societal), both 1. and 2. influence from the Top, i.e. in sum = the authoritarian degree; b) relations to the authoritarian vs libertarian, here the libertarian degree = the degree of democracy = 100% - the authoritarian degree, and economic-political systems in general, including 1. marxism, 2. fascism (including populism) 3. the third alternative (Frisch) - anarchy & anarchism, and 4. liberalism and 16 different types of systems within these 4 main forms, and c) class analysis related to the societal pyramid, aggregating 7 basic classes economical and political/administrative to two main classes: Bottom = the People, and Top = the Bureaucracy (authorities), and d) horizontal organization (flat pyramid) vs vertical organization (top-heavy pyramid) in general, industrial and societal, and e) Cogripsmodels including cogrips-policy with a bottom - up approach broadly defined, where point a), b), c) & d) represent parts and sub-models of a general Cogripsmodel, and f) so on... A comprehensive Cogrips Model is also presented at www.indeco.no, see in particular Cogripsmodel-Notatet - Notat til Ragnar Frisch Seminar. This NØI-INDECO model and IIFOR & its World Economic Council's Cogrips-model reasoning, both with links, complement each other and form a complete whole of a large general Cogrips model. In general the following is valid: the Cogrips Model reasoning at indeco.no and anarchy.no complement each other and form a complete whole of a large general Cogrips Model.

The Democracy Project also includes praxeology elements, i.e. human action research, especially about practical solutions to the manmade global warming problem, see Introduction above. And the project also includes political-econometric research, indicators for the degree of economical democracy (socialism vs capitalism defined in terms of influence by the People) and the degree of political/administrative democracy (autonomy vs statism defined in terms of influence by the People), aggregated to the societal democracy degree = libertarian degree, say, for a whole country. The political-econometric indicators are including a.o.t. two indexes; 1. the Rank-difference-index - RDI indicating how top-heavy the political/administrative rank-pyramid is (created some years ago by the senior researcher T. Sabatini, a member of the NØI-network and a consultant to IJOR/Fb/IJ@, assisted by H. Goldstein, then associate professor at the Department of Economics - Universitas Osloensis UiO), and 2. gini-index for income, indicating how top-heavy the economical pyramid is, for practical statistical measurement of influence by the People in democratic perspective economical and political/administrative. The project has also, via using the political-econometric indicators combined with the best of the bad lot of UN, other international plus national statistics, and some well educated guess, calculated preliminary estimates of the influence by the People, the Bottom (of the social pyramid), on the societal decisions, mainly taken by the Bureaucracy, the Top (of the pyramid), relatively as a percentage degree between 0 % and 100 %, = the degree of democracy, for almost all of the countries in the world, and also ranked the countries according to democracy degree (= libertarian degree).

Democracy is as mentioned all about influence from the People, at the Bottom of the societal pyramid, on the societal decisions, mainly taken by The Bureaucracy broadly defined in private and public sector, at The Top of the societal pyramid. Real Democracy is anarchy and anarchism, the libertarian in contrast to the authoritarian, and Full Democracy, i.e. when The People has full - 100 % - influence on the societal decisions, is the democratic, as well as the libertarian & anarchist Ideal. Democracy, and more or less of it, is central to societal politics broadly defined, both economical and political/administrative, and in reality Real Democracy (NB! i.e. always including Green) and Full Democracy as an ultimate aim, is the one and only policy in the interest of the People, i.e. People's Politics.

The main research results from the Democracy Project so far, are published in International Journal of Organization Research i.e. at IJOR's website. The work with this project continues at full strength and future research results will be published in the same way. Several researchers have contributed to this project broadly defined in different ways, even the very busy professor Noam Chomsky at MIT has a small, personal contribution published at IJOR's website (see also above). IIFOR has also been co-operating with the Norwegian Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistisk Sentralbyrå - SSB; there has been  a dialog on theoretical matters and SSB has contributed with statistical material to IIFOR. To reach Statistisk Sentralbyrå, click here: BYRÅET. There has also been co-operation with Arbeiderbevegelsens arkiv og bibliotek, click here to reach: ARBARKIV. Other researchers, including social scientists broadly defined, are hereby asked to contribute. Persons interested in this research in anyway, are welcome to contact IIFOR, send a letter by post to IIFOR P.b. 4777 Sofienberg N-0506 Oslo, Norway, or use the Contact-option at IIFOR's homepage. The following is a brief summary of the main research results from the Democracy Project so far:

REAL DEMOCRACY IS ANARCHISM AND ANARCHY - ANARCHISM AND ANARCHY ARE REAL DEMOCRACY

FULL DEMOCRACY = 100 % DEGREE OF DEMOCRACY = 100 % ANARCHY DEGREE  = THE ANARCHIST IDEAL = THE DEMOCRATIC IDEAL

REAL (I.E. INCLUDING GREEN) DEMOCRACY = ANARCHY = ANARCHISM = LIBERTARIAN

NORWAY, THE SWISS CONFEDERATION AND ICELAND ARE REAL DEMOCRATIC = ANARCHIES - WITH 50 % - 55 % DEMOCRACY DEGREE

THE DEGREE OF DEMOCRACY = THE LIBERTARIAN DEGREE = THE ANARCHY DEGREE WITHIN ANARCHISM

50 % DEGREE OF DEMOCRACY OR MORE BOTH ECONOMICAL & POLITICAL/ADMINISTRATIVE = SIGNIFICANT OR MORE REAL DEMOCRACY = ANARCHISM

THE DEGREE OF DEMOCRACY = 100 % - THE AUTHORITARIAN DEGREE = THE LIBERTARIAN OR ANARCHIST DEGREE

100 % DEGREE OF DEMOCRACY = 100 % LIBERTARIAN DEGREE = 100 % ANARCHY DEGREE

100 % DEGREE OF DEMOCRACY = 0 % AUTHORITARIAN DEGREE = 100 % LIBERTARIAN DEGREE  = THE LIBERTARIAN IDEAL

50 % DEGREE OF DEMOCRACY OR MORE BUT ECONOMICAL OR POLITICAL/ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITARIAN = SEMI-DEMOCRACY & SEMI-LIBERTARIAN TOP DOWN SYSTEMS

< 33 % - 50 % > DEGREE OF DEMOCRACY (= LIBERTARIAN DEGREE) = < 67 % - 50 % > AUTHORITARIAN DEGREE = SEMI-DEMOCRACY & AUTHORITARIAN

USA, SEVERAL EU-COUNTRIES, UK, CANADA, AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, ISRAEL AND HONG KONG ARE SEMI-DEMOCRACIES & AUTHORITARIAN
I.E. NOT REAL DEMOCRACIES, THEY HAVE AUTHORITARIAN, TOP - DOWN SYSTEMS, BUT NOT ULTRA-AUTHORITARIAN AND TOTALITARIAN!

THE DEGREE OF DEMOCRACY = LIBERTARIAN DEGREE = < 0 % - 33 % > = THE AUTHORITARIAN DEGREE = < 67 % - 100 %> =
ULTRA-AUTHORITARIAN AND TOTALITARIAN TOP - DOWN ECONOMIC-POLITICAL SYSTEMS, I.E. VERY FREQUENT WORLD WIDE!

0 % DEGREE OF DEMOCRACY = 100 % AUTHORITARIAN DEGREE = 0 % LIBERTARIAN DEGREE = EXTREME ULTRA-FASCISM

THE PEOPLE = THE BOTTOM OF THE SOCIETAL PYRAMID VS THE BUREAUCRACY = THE TOP OF THE PYRAMID

THE DEGREE OF DEMOCRACY = THE PEOPLE'S INFLUENCE ON THE SOCIETAL DECISIONS MAINLY TAKEN BY THE TOP - IN %

REAL DEMOCRACY = A BOTTOM - UP MANAGERIAL SYSTEM = ANARCHIST AND LIBERTARIAN

NOT REAL DEMOCRACY = A TOP - DOWN MANAGERIAL SYSTEM = IN GENERAL OR PARTLY AUTHORITARIAN

REAL DEMOCRACY = ANARCHISM & ANARCHY ON THE ECONOMIC-POLITICAL MAP AND IN REALITY

(CLICK ON "POLITICAL ECONOMY & SYSTEMS" BELOW TO SEE THE MAP)

Création de l'I.F.O.R. en Norvège

The foundation of IIFOR , etc., a.o.t. joining FICEDL and AIUF . With updated Scandinavian and English notes.
Le Monde Libertaire - info.internationales - no 591 JEUDI 31 OCTOBRE 1985:

L'I.F.O.R. (institut de recherche sur le mouvement anarchiste) a été créé comme la résultante d'une décision unanime de la N.I.F.A (secrétariat nordique de l'I.F.A.) et de la Fédération anarchiste universitaire* le 15 août 1985 à Oslo. L'origine de ce projet s'inspire des principes de l'Internationale des fédérations anarchistes et du manifeste de l'A.N.O.R.G. **

Ce nouvel institut se situe dans la lignée du travail sur le "projet de recherches économique et sociale" mené par un groupe de l'A.N.O.R.G. (fédération anarchiste nordique). Les travaux de ce projet ont été largement diffusés dans le monde, notamment lors de sa présentation à la Rencontre internationale de Venise en 1984*** et lors de sa parution dans l'ebdomadaire "Le Monde Libertaire".****

La finalité de l'I.F.O.R. vise à étudier tous les types de rapports humains et l'organisation sociale dans son sens large. L'accent sera plus particulièrement mis sur l'analyse des conditions économiques, politiques, sociales et culturelles considérées dans une perspective dynamique et historique. L'organisation anarchiste constitue bien évidemment un thème majeur de la recherche de cet institut.

L'I.F.O.R. effectue également des recherches dans les secteurs de la documentation, de l'information et de l'éducation. L'institut publie un "Bulletin international de recherche sur l'organisation" [International Journal of Organization Research IJOR] et le "Séminaire d'économie politique"***** organise des cours d'étude à l'université et dans les grandes écoles, en collaboration étroite avec d'autres secteurs de l'A.N.O.R.G., tel le N.I.F.A., "Folkebladet" (journal de l'A.N.O.R.G.), les éditions de l'A.N.O.R.G...

L'adresse de l'I.F.O.R. est la suivante: International institute for organization research, c/o "Folkebladet" , P.O. Box 117, Ankertorget, 0133 Oslo, Norvège.

[NB! This adress is not working anymore. Updated adress is IIFOR P.b. 4777 Sofienberg N-0506 Oslo, Norway]

*The AI-IFA-IAF- secretariate in Oslo and the Anarkistisk Universitetslag AU - The Anarchist International University Federation AIUF. ** NAC - The Northern Anarchist Confederation. *** The international anarchist conference, i.e. gathering, in Venice September 1984, and more precise in Italian: Settembre 1984, incontro internazionale anarchico Venezia '84 e convegno di studi «Tendenze autoritarie e tensioni libertarie nelle società contemporanee», arranged by "Centro Studi Libertari" of Milano. At this conference it was also an interesting discussion between a Norwegian delegate and Murray Bookchin, now recorded in the IIFOR archives.

**** The journal of the French Anarchist Federation - FAF; - later some more of the research results were presented at a similar international conference in Portugal 1987, "TECNOLOGIA E LIBERDADE", published 1988 in a book with the same title, edited by "CIRCULO DE ESTUDOS NENO VASCO" named after the Portuguese anarchist and journalist Gregório Nazianzeno Moreira de Queirós e Vasconcelos, by Editoria Sementeira. Some of the updated results on this project are presented at the links "Political Economy and Systems", "The Formulas of Systems", "The General theory of Economics", and "Industrial Organization", see links above. These links deal mainly with theory. A praxeological and historical approach is also found among the links. At the conference in Portugal, mainly the delegation from Norway and the Italian delegation, decided to work for a more firm international anarchist research organization,  known as the FICEDL. IIFOR and NAC joined the FICEDL, as the Northern sections. Two pictures of participants of this conference are published at, (click on): PICTURES

The FICEDL is the International federation of centers for libertarian studies and documentation, "la Fédération internationale des centres d'étude et de documentation libertaires", a loose network of research centers on the libertarian matters broadly defined. At the Portugal-meeting in 1987 a spokesman for the Italian delegation declared that the FICEDL-network "is the real anarchist international" to the Norwegian delegates and the other affiliates present. Because anarchism is definitively scientifical, this is correct, but the AI is also more. Anarchism is also about politics, and thus the Anarchist International of today is a wider organization than the FICEDL-network, including other sections as the Anarchist International University Federation, the Anarchafeminst International, green/eco-anarchists, anarcho-syndicalists, affiliations to CAN and ABC, and federations/sections for collectivist and communist/commune anarchism; social-, social-individualist and federalist anarchism, as well as individualist and mutualist anarchism, IFA-federations, etc. Several researchers have been involved in the work of IIFOR throughout the years. Some of the old folks have died, others have left for working on other fields of research. Today's staff is relatively new, with P. Johansen, who joined the institute in 1994 as Nestor and main spokesman. Johansen has contributed to give IIFOR a more macroeconomic approach.

***** Økonomisk-Politisk Seminar ØPS/Economical-Political Seminar EPS. - IIFOR is also the coordinating center of the Northern Anarchist Confederation's studies and documentation on anarchism. The main archive of the NAC/IFA/AI and correspondence to other organizations, institutions and individuals, is coordinated by IIFOR. Other material is located at Arbeiderbevegelsens arkiv og bibliotek i Oslo, and at institutions at the link-page of ARBARKIV, among them the IISG/IISH in Amsterdam may be mentioned. These documents are free available to the general public. IIFOR will also be helpful with copies of other documents, to people interested in anarchism, available to production and distribution costs. To reach Arbeiderbevegelsens arkiv og bibliotek, click here: ARBARKIV. Also other branches of the FICEDL-network broadly defined, have NAC/IFA/AI material. IIFOR is also co-operating with the Norwegian Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistisk Sentralbyrå - SSB; there is a dialog on theoretical matters and SSB contributes with statistical material to IIFOR. To reach Statistisk Sentralbyrå, click here: BYRÅET .

In Norway the words "organization", "federation" and "confederation" traditionally are used quite synonymous. As an example LO, Landsorganisasjonen, directly translated to English/American, "The Country Organization", calls itself "Labors' Organization" and the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions, while ARBARKIV has called it the Norwegian Federation of Trade Unions. It is quite similar with the Northern Anarchist Confederation, calling itself also "Northern Anarchist Federation" and Anarkistenes Organisasjon i Norden, etc. North, Northern and Nordic are also used quite synonymously. AIIS has sometimes called LO the "National Confederation of the Workers", which is also a translation compatible with the tradition. Furthermore the words "anarchist", "anarchists", "anarchy" and "anarchism" on the one hand, and "libertarian" on the other, are used synonymously. The word libertarian in English/American is mainly seen as a translation of the French word "libertaire" meaning anarchist.

The term "libertarian" in English/American may however be interpreted as a somewhat wider concept than anarchist, anarchy and anarchism, also including semilibertarian marxism to the left and semilibertarian liberalism to the right on the economical-political map, and the libertarian degree as 100% - the authoritarian degree, the relative distance from the top of the economical political map. The so called libertarian economics related to the Austrian, Chicago and Neoclassical Schools, making Ludwig Edler von Mises, Friedrich von Hayek, Milton Fridman and Murray N. Rothbard its gurus, is mainly semilibertarian liberalism, rightist, and not libertarian i.e. anarchist, economics. Libertarian = anarchist economics are typically found in the middle of the economical political map and upwards, not rightist or leftist. Gurus of the semilibertarian left are Daniel Cohn Bendit, Murray Bookchin, especially in his later works, and Anton Pannekoek. Neither of these gurus to the right and left on the economical political map are anarchists. They are semilibertarian liberalists vs marxists.

It must also be mentioned that Von Mises of the Austrian school has based his praxeology on a more or less false assumption:"Praxeology: A general theory of successful action which shows what can be deducted from the self-evident axiom that human beings act purposively. Von Mises used praxeology as the basis for explaining markets." Quoted from Donald Rutherford's Dictionary of Economics, Routledge 1992. That this "axiom" is not self evident in general, is easy to prove just by mentioning persons that are in psychosis, and people in coma. The Anarchist International and IIFOR use the word praxeology, human action research , with a definition not based on Von Mises "self evident axiom", but based on the hypothetical deductive method, the method of natural sciences, according with Kropotkin's view on the matter. This is opposed to the purely logic deductive approach of Von Mises, i.e. pseudo-science.

The term "libertarian" may also be used about 1. one who holds to free will, 2. one who maintains the principles of liberty, particulary in thought and conduct, 3. one who advocates full civil liberties for the individual, 4. An adherent of libertarianism, i.e. in short, the public sector is subordinate to the individual: Anarchism = real democracy = Libertarian.

IIFOR is the main responsible for the ongoing Democracy Project, i.e. theoretical and global empirical research on democracy, including real democracy, full democracy, lack of democracy, the degree of democracy, relations to the libertarian, anarchy & anarchism, and so on. The Democracy Project also includes praxeology elements, i.e. human action research. According to Anna Quist, elected and official spokesperson for the GGS, in a letter (e-mail) dated 02.10.2019 to Ros Atkins, ros.atkins@bbc.co.uk, at BBC, and "the international news-media and mandated persons, etc", IIFOR is spearheading the world's research on this matter, and "the results are clear, interesting and amazing", and "clearing up 100 % the conceptual and other chaos within the democracy field in general. BBC and other global news-media should take notice! And follow up!" In the letter Anna Quist also calls "for more democracy including less manmade global warming" and has included links to IIFOR and WEC. Persons interested in this research in anyway, are welcome to contact IIFOR, use the e-mail link "Contact IIFOR? - Click here!" below, or send a letter by post to IIFOR P.b. 4777 Sofienberg N-0506 Oslo, Norway.

Links

Contact IIFOR? - Click here!

Feel free to join the People's Movement: The Green Global Spring Revolution (GGS) - for Real i.e. including Green Democracy, and Bottom - Up Climate-Actions to Save The Planet from Manmade Global Warming - Click Here!